Australian Spider Identification Chart  
             
   
Apply online for a FREE Spider Identification Chart

with FIRST AID spider bite procedures - colour A4 size - laminated Ready Reference Guide to common Australian spiders.
Featured are the Sydney funnel web spider, red-back spider, wolf spider, white-tail spider, black house spider, huntsman and other spiders with notes to aid in identification.
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Some Australian spiders are venomous and dangerous
 
CONTENTS: Find out which commonly found Australian spiders are venomous and dangerous to you and your family. Apply online for and receive a laminated full colour Spider Identification Chart, with notes and tips as to indentification. Learn about their usual habitat areas, the recommended safe and effective methods of pest control for spiders, and the FIRST AID procedures for spider bite victims.
 
Sydney Funnel Web Spider
FEMALE
FUNNEL-WEB
MALE
FUNNEL-WEB
RED-BACK
SPIDER
WHITE-TAIL
SPIDER

FEMALE
MOUSE SPIDER
MALE
MOUSE SPIDER
BLACK
HOUSE SPIDER
WOLF
SPIDER

FEMALE
TRAP-DOOR
GARDEN
ORB-WEAVING
St Andrews Spider
SAINT ANDREW'S
CROSS
Huntsman Spider
HUNTSMAN
SPIDER
 
     
 
Sydney Funnel-Web spiders: aggressive by nature - can be deadly
 
     
Sydney Funnel Web Spider Female
FEMALE
Sydney Funnel-Web Spider - MALE
MALE
Area of distribution: The Sydney Funnel-Web Spider is a ground dweller, commonly found in moist soil areas along much of the eastern coastal area of New South Wales and Victoria.
Venom toxicity: The Sydney Funnel-Web Spider is one of the world's most deadly spiders. Both the male and female carry atraxotoxin, one of the world's most dangerous toxins.
DANGER TIME: The mature male Sydney funnel-web spider will leave it's burrow and wander off during hot humid nights, looking for a mate. At this time it is known to enter homes, lodge in footwear, clothing and swimming pools, where they can survive several days under water.
Highly aggressive: The male Sydney funnel web spider is highly aggressive when disturbed or cornered and is able to inflict multiple bites, with its "flick-knife" hardened fangs.
Heavy rain or earthworks will drive the Sydney funnel-web spider out of it's burrow and are commonly found wandering around the garden or in the home at such times.
An anti-venom is available in most major hospitals and ambulance vehicles in "funnel-web country". If bitten, you should apply first aid and medical attention (ambulance) should be sought as soon as possible.
Spider identification: The male Sydney funnel-web spider is about 25 mm and the female about 30 mm in body length. They are shiny black in colour with a dark purplish brown abdomen with a covering of reddish hairs.
Unique identification markings include it's long spinnerets, that is, the two appendages on the end of the abdomen. Also the male Sydney funnel-web spider has a distinctive spur on both it's second front legs - refer to illustration on left.
The Blue Mountains funnel-web spider is highly venomous and is found in the Blue Mountains area, as far west as the Bathurst - Orange region and occasionally in the Sydney basin.
The Northern tree funnel-web spider is highly venomous and is found in south-eastern Queensland and northern New South Wales as far south as the Hunter Valley region.
Click here re FIRST AID for Sydney Funnel-web spider bite
 
     
 
Red-Back spiders - highly venomous - can be deadly
 
       
 
Area of distribution: Australia-wide.
Venom toxicity: The Red-Back spider can inflict a painful bite which can be fatal, especially to the young and elderly. An effective anti-venom was developed in 1956. About 250 people receive the anti-venom each year.
Nerve poison: Only a small amount of venom can cause serious illness, as the poison attacks the nervous system. Systemic envenomisation usually results in headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, pyrexia, hypertension and in severe cases, paralysis.
Excruciating pain: The pain around the spider bite area can be excruciating. If bitten, immediately apply first aid and seek medical attention (ambulance) should be sought as soon as possible.
Spider Identification: The red-back spider size varies greatly. The male can be tiny, with the abdomen of the female growing to the size of a large pea. Red-back spiders do NOT always have a "red" marking.
Habitat: The red-back spider prefers dry habitats; is often found in out-houses, letter-boxes, underside of seats, in rubbish, such as empty cans, in the sub-floor and other dark areas. Electric lights attract their prey, such as moths, flies, mosquitoes and other insects.
Click here re FIRST AID for a Red-back spider bite
 
       
 
White-tail spiders: venomous and highly dangerous ?
 
     
Area of distribution: Australia-wide.
Venom toxicity: The bite of a white-tail spider may cause nausea and burning pain followed by swelling and itchiness around the site of the bite. In some rare but dramatic cases, a severe allergic reaction, blistering or ulceration of the skin, similar to gangrene, has apparently been caused by a white-tail spider bite.
Proven dangerous? Some scientific researchers are unconvinced as to whether this spider causes such horrific ulcerations. Bacterial infection of the wound caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans carried on the fangs of the white-tail spider, may be a contributory factor.
In any case first aid and medical attention should be sought, if bitten, as and when any adverse health effects are observed.
Spider identification: The adult white-tail spider adult varies in size from 12 to 20 mm in body length; is grey to black in colour with a white section on the end of it's tail - as illustrated.
Habitat: The white-tail spider prefers cool moist locations and is commonly found in garden mulch areas. In summer, it often wanders into buildings, particularly bathrooms, to escape the heat.
Click here re FIRST AID for White-tail spider bite
 
     
 
Mouse spiders - venomous, painful bite
 
     
FEMALE

MALE
Area of distribution: Australia-wide.
Venom toxicity: The Mouse spider is known to cause severe illness, especially to young children. Although normally not aggressive, the male Mouse spider will bite if provoked, and should be considered dangerous to humans.
Deep painful bite: The Mouse spider has large hard fangs which can cause a deep painful bite. First aid and medical attention (ambulance) should be sought as soon as possible.
Spider Identification: The Mouse spider is a medium to large spider of up to 35 mm in body length. The male Mouse Spider may or may not have a bright red head and elongated fangs.
Mistaken identity: The Mouse spider is often mistaken for the Sydney funnel-web spider. The main differences being the funnel-web spider has far longer spinnerets (the 2 appendages on the end of the abdomen) and the male funnel-web has a spur on each of it's second leg - as illustrated above.
Habitat: Mouse spiders are ground dwellers with burrows that may be more than one metre deep. The male Mouse spider often wanders about during the day on open ground, especially after rain, in search of a female.
Click here re FIRST AID for a Mouse spider bite
 
     
 
Black House spiders ...venomous, causes nausea
 
     
Area of distribution: Australia-wide.
Venom toxicity: The bite of the Black House Spider is poisonous but not lethal. Some people report severe pain around the bite site, heavy sweating, muscular pains, vomiting, headaches and giddiness.
In any case if bitten by a Black-house spider, immediate first aid and medical attention (ambulance) should be sought.
Spider Identification: The adult Black House spider spins a lacy, messy web and are up to 15 mm in body length and of a dark brown to black velvet textured appearance.
Habitat: The Black House spider and prefers dry habitat areas and secluded locations, and is commonly found in window framing, under eaves, gutters, in brickwork, sheds, toilets and among rocks and bark. Electric lights attract their main food source of moths, flies, mosquitoes and other insects.
Click here re FIRST AID for a Black House Spider Bite
 
     
 
Wolf spiders ...venomous but non-aggressive
 
     

Area of distribution: Australia-wide.
Venom toxicity: The bite of the Wolf Spider is poisonous but not lethal. Although non-aggressive, they will bite if provoked and should be considered dangerous to humans.
Painful bite: The bite may be very painful. Immediate first aid and medical attention, particularly as to children or the elderly.
Spider Identification: The adult Wolf spider is 15 mm to 30 mm in body length; of mottled grey to brown in colour, with a distinct Union Jack impression on it's back. The female Wolf spider carries it's young on it's back.
Habitat: The Wolf spider is a ground dweller, with a burrow retreat. This spider has a roving nocturnal lifestyle to hunt their prey and can move very rapidly when disturbed. Commonly found around the home, in garden areas with a silk lined burrow, sometimes with a lid or covered by leaf litter or grass woven with silk as a little fence around the rim of the burrow.
Click here re FIRST AID for a Wolf spider bite
 
     
 
Trap-Door spiders ... low risk and non-aggressive
 
     

FEMALE
Area of distribution: Australia-wide.
Venom toxicity: The bite of the Trap-Door spider is of low risk (mildly toxic) to humans. It is a usually timid and non-aggressive spider but may stand up and present it's fangs if harassed.
Rarely bites but if it does bite you it can be painful.
Spider Identification: The adult Trap-door spider is about 35 mm in body length; of brown to dark brown in colour; and heavily covered with fine hairs. The male has distinct boxing glove-shaped palps, that is the two "sensory feelers" at front of it's head.
Habitat: The Trap-door spider is a ground dweller, with a burrow retreat lined with silk of up to 250 mm in depth and around 25 mm in width. The Trap-door spider prefers nesting in drier exposed locations, and may have a wafer-like lid on the burrow entrance.
Click here re FIRST AID for a Trap-door spider bite
 
     
 
Orb-Weaving spiders ... low risk and non-aggressive
 
     
Area of distribution: Australia-wide, particularly common in bush land along the eastern coastal areas.
Venom toxicity: The bite of an Orb-Weaving spiders is of low risk (mildly toxic) to humans. Orb-Weaving spiders are a non-aggressive group of spiders. Seldom bite.
Be careful not to walk into their webs at night - the fright of this spider crawling over one's face can be terrifying and may cause a heart attack, particularly to the susceptible over 50 year olds.
Spider Identification: The adult Orb-Weaving spiders is about 20 to 30 mm in body length; has a bulbous abdomen; and often has a colorful, dark to light brown pattern. The common Golden Orb-Weaver spider has a purplish bulbous abdomen with fine hairs.
Habitat: Garden orb-weaving spiders are oten found in summer in garden areas around the home. They spin a large circular web of two metres or more, often between buildings and shrubs, to snare flying insects, such as flies and mosquitoes.
Click here re FIRST AID for Orb-weaving spider bite
 
     
 
St Andrews Cross spiders ... low risk and non-aggressive
 
     


St Andrews Spider
Venom toxicity: the bite of the St Andrews Cross is of low risk (non-toxic) to humans. They are a non-aggressive group of spiders.
Area of distribution: Australia-wide.
Spider Identification: adult 5 to 15 mm in body length - abdomen striped yellow and brown - as illustrated. The St Andrews Cross Spider usually sits, upside down, in the middle of it's web forming a cross - as illustrated.
Habitat: this spider is a web-weaver usually found in summer in garden areas around the home. It is considered beneficial as it spins a large web to snare flying insects, such as flies and mosquitoes.
Click here re FIRST AID for a Andrews Cross Spider Bite
 
     
 
Huntsman spiders ...low risk and non-aggressive
 
     
Huntsman Spider
Area of distribution: Australia-wide.
Venom toxicity: The bite of Huntsman spiders is of low risk (mildly toxic) to humans. Huntsman spiders are a non-aggressive group of spiders.
Painful bite: a large Huntsman spider has extended fangs and can deliver a deep painful bite. Howver they are extremely timid and will run away given the chance.
Beware in summer when the female Huntsman spider is guarding her egg sacs or young.
Spider Identification: An adult Huntsman spider may have a body length of up to 20 mm. It's the diameter including legs may reach 45 mm. The first 2 pairs of legs are longer than rear two. The Huntsman spider is hairy; buff to beige brown colour, with dark patches on it's body.
Usual habitat areas: The Huntsman spider prefers to live under the flaking bark of trees, under flat rocks and under eaves or within roof spaces of buildings.
Often found indoors: The Huntsman Spider often wanders into homes and is found perched on a wall. They are shy, timid spiders able to move sideways at lighting-fast speed.
Click here re FIRST AID for a Huntsman Spider Bite
 
   
About FUMAPEST Pest Control ... our credentials
SAME FAMILY BUSINESS SINCE 1964 FUMAPEST is a second generation family business. After more than 50 years of providing pest control services in the local regions, we have a valuable reputation in the marketplace and have acquired a wealth of knowledge and experience, unmatched by our competitors.
BUSINESS ENTERPRISE AWARD FUMAPEST Pest Control received a Business Enterprise Award in 1984 from the NSW Govt Office of Small Business & Qantas for our EcoSafe Pest Control system and staff training programs.
APCA Member FUMAPEST Termite & Pest Control is a member and major sponsor of the Australian Pest Control Association; we assist APCA in provision of professional advice to consumers with pest control problems; pesticide safety issues and pest control training courses available in NSW
Industry stewardship FUMAPEST Managing Director served as a Member of NSW Govt Pest Control Licensing Board and Standards Australia Termite Control Committees AS3660 & Termite Inspection Reports AS4349.
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Setting the Standard in an industry many fly-by-night operators, FUMAPEST Pest Control stands out as a well established pest control business with an excellent reputation in the market-place. Be careful in selecting a pest controller it's far too easy to get a pest control licence and start up a pest control business in NSW with little knowledge or experience ... more details
 
FUMAPEST Spider Identification Chart • Spiders in Maitland Council region
  FUMAPEST Spider Identification Chart with FIRST AID spider bite procedures - a ready reference guide in full colour of dangerous and venomous spiders in the Maitland region.
Spiders featured in the Spider Chart Sydney funnel web spider red-back spider white-tail spider black house spider wolf spider mouse spider trap-door spider huntsman spider orb-weaver spider.
CLICK to view and print the FUMAPEST Spider Chart
 
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